Jiuzhaigou Jiuzhai Valley Panda Nature Reserve Jiuzhai National Park for Panda Protection


Jiuzhaigou Jiuzhai Valley panda nature reserve, jiuzhaigou jiuzhai national park in Minshan mountain habitat, northern of Sichuan.


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Lies in Nanping County, Sichuan Province in the southern part of the Min Shan Range, approximately 330km from Chengdu. Includes the catchment areas of the Shizheng, Rize and Zechawa gullies which join Jiuzhaigou Valley. 32°54'-33°19'N, 103°46'-104°4'E.  About 72,000ha, with a buffer zone of an additional 60,000ha.
Jiuzhaigou has remained undisturbed, largely due to its inaccessibility. Some protection was provided when at least part of the area was protected as a nature reserve in 1978. Extensive logging took place between 1972 and 1979 and concern about this prompted the proposal of the area as an area of scenic beauty and historic interest by the State Council of the People's Republic of China in 1982. An Administration Bureau for the site was established in 1984 and an overall plan for the site, with regulations, was drafted and approved in 1987. The site was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1992.

PHYSICAL FEATURES Lying on the edge of the diverging belt between the Qinghai-Tibet Plate and the Yangtze Plate, there are major faultlines running through the site: earthquakes are not uncommon and have been a major influence on the geological landscape. The rock strata are dominated by carbonate rocks, notably dolomite and tufa. Some sandstone and shales are also exposed. Of greater interest, geologically, are the high altitude karst land forms which have been strongly influenced by glacial, hydrological and tectonic activity.

The best known features are the large number of lakes in the area: many are classic ribbon lakes, at the base of glacially formed valleys, which have been dammed naturally, for example behind rockfalls from avalanches. Processes of carbonate deposition are responsiblefor the cementation and stabilisation of these dams. A number of the lakes are bounded on the upstream and downstream sides by calcareous tufa dykes and shoals. In two places, there are a stepped series of lakes, like terraces separated by these tufa dykes. These sites, Shuzheng Lakes and Nuorilang Lakes, with 19 and 18 lakes, respectively, can be compared to the travertine pools of Huanglong Scenic Area to the south. They are less well-developed, geologically, but are much larger in size.

Also of note are a number of large and spectacular waterfalls, including Xionguashai (Panda Lake) Fall which drops 78m in three steps, and the Zhengzhutan (Pearl Shoal) Fall, which drops 28m in a broad curtain of water, 310m wide. This latter fall lies at the downstream end of the Zhengshutan (Pearl Shoal) which is the larger of two calcareous tufa shoals in the site. These shoals are wide gently sloping areas of active calcareous deposition which are covered in a thin sheet of flowing water. Although spectacular, these shoals are not as extensive as those in Huanglonggou, in Huanglong Scenic Area. 

The hydrology of the site is dominated by three valleys, Rize and Zechawa gullies flowing from the south and meeting at the centre of the site where they form the Shuzheng Gully. This latter is then met by the Zaru Gully flowing north-westwards from the eastern boundary of the site, where they meet they form the Jiuzhaigou Valley, which itself is one of the sources of the Jialing River, part of the Yangtze River system. The great majority of the park perimeter follows the mountainous watersheds of these rivers.

Over most of the site the soils express their limestone parent rock, to a greater or lesser degree, while there is some variance in colour and texture. They are all neutral to slightly alkali. On the higher mountain slopes, the soils are poorly developed.

It is reported that in 1996 the panda population was estimated at 17 individuals. MoF/WWF (1989) describes the population as being small and totally isolated. This population was formerly more extensive and linked to other populations to the north-east of the reserve. The proximity of the site to other large panda populations, notably in Baihe and Wanglang reserves and the proposed Wujiao Reserve, gives potential for maintaining or restoring the links between these populations and maintaining gene flow. This large interconnected series of reserves would also be of great value to the continued survival of golden snub-nosed monkey, which also requires extensive areas of undisturbed habitat. 

Animals in Jiuzhaigou.
Giant Panda
(about 17-25 pandas living Jiuzhaigou Nature Reserve).
Sichuan Golden Monkey.
Rhesus Macaque, Asian Wild Dog, Red Panda, Asiatic Black Bear, Brown Bear, Yellow Throated Marten, Siberian Weasel, Gray Wolf, Leopard Cat, Asian Golden Cat, Large Indian Civet, Himalayan Palm Civet, Pallas’s Cat, Eurasian Lynx, Chinese Forest Musk Deer, Alpine Must Deer, Sika Deer, Tufted Deer, Chinese Goral, Serow, Blue Sheep, Boar, Hog Badger, Hedgehog, Himalayan Marmot, Pére David's Rock Squirrel, Duke of Bedford’s Vole.
Swans
Lovebirds.
Green-tailed Pheasants.
Red-Bellied Golden Pheasant.
Blue Eared Pheasant 
The Mallard Duck.
Chinese Pond-Herron, Little Egret, Whooper Swan, Ruddy Shelduck, Mallard, Common Merganser, Black Kite, Common Buzzard, Golden Eagle, Northern Harrier, Eurasian Hobby, Merlin, Lesser Kestrel, Chinese Hazel Grouse, Snow Partridge, Tibetan Snowcock, Pheasant Grouse, Blood Pheasant, Temminick’s Tragopan, Chinese Monal Pheasant, White Eared Pheasant, Blue Eared Pheasant, Yellow-necked Koklass Pheasant, Common Pheasant, Golden Pheasant, Black-winged Stilt, Snow Pigeon, Spotted Dove, Indian Cuckoo, Eurasian Cuckoo, Lesser Cuckoo, Asian Koel, Tengalm’s Owl, Fork-tailed Swift, Black-capped Kingfisher, Eurasian Hoopoe, Speckled Piculet, Black Woodpecker, Great Spotted Woodpecker, Three-toed Woodpecker, Hume’s Short-toed Lark, White Wagtail, Orienfnl Tree Pipit, Rosy Pipit, Long-tailed Minivet, Grey-backed Shrike, Eurasian Jay, Red-billed Blue Magpie, Large-billed Crow, Collared Crow, White-throated Dipper, Brown Dipper, Wren, Rufous-breasted Accentor, Rufous-headed Robin, Blackthroated Robin, Indian Blue Robin, Orange-flanked Bush Robin, Blue-fronted Redstart, White-throated Redstart, Daurian Redstart, Plumbeous Water Redstart, White-capped Water Redstart, Little Forktail, Black-backed Forktail, Blue Whistling Thrush, Grey-headed Thrush, Kessler’s Thrush, Sukatschev’s Laughing Thrush, Barred Laughing Thrush, Elliot’s Laughing Thrush, White-collared Yuhina, Spectacled Parrotbill, Vinous-throated Parrotbill, Brownish-flanked Bush War, Spotted Bush Warbler, Tickell’s Leaf Warbler, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Greenish Warbler, Blyth’s Leaf Warbler, Sichuan Leaf-warbler, Golden-spectacled Warbler, Crested Tit Warbler, Goldcrest, White-gorgetted Jungle Flycatc, Slaty-backed Flycatcher, Asian Brown Flycatcher, Ferruginous Flycatcher, Grey-headed Canary-flycat, Long-tailed Tit, Sooty Tit, Great Tit, Green-backed Tit, Coal Tit, Rufous-vented Tit, Grey-crested Tit, Rusty-breasted Tit, Eurasion Nuthatch, Eurasian Tree-Creeper, Bar-tailed Tree-Creeper, Dark-rumped Rosefinch, Vinaceous Rosefinch, White-browed Rosefinch, Three-banded Rosefinch, Common Rosefinch, Grey-headed Bullfinch, Spot-winged Grosbeak, Black-faced Bunting, Rock Bunting, Little Bunting
Songpan Naked Carp (Fish)
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