Baishuijiang National Nature Reserve for Wild Panda Animal and Forest Ecosystem


Baishuijiang national nature reserve baishuijiang wild panda animal forest ecosystem in biosphere reserve network


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Baishuijiang Panda Nature Reserve, Established in 1978, located in both Wenxian & Wudu counties, Gansu province, cover a area of 223800 hectares to protect primitive forest and rare animals such as giant panda, olden monkey, takin and other rare animals and the forest ecosystems, the highest peak is 3837mters above sea level, and average area is at the elevation of 2,500-3,100 meters. It is the 2nd largest panda nature reserve in China. 

Baishuijiang National Nature Reserve features verdant and lush forest and a great variety of plants and animals. Baishuijiang National Nature Reserve was listed in the International Man and Biosphere Reserve Network by the UNESCO.

Baishuijiang National Nature reserve, with east longitude 104 16 '~ 105 25, north latitude 32 35 '~ 33 05 ', about  110 kilometers long from the east to the west and 20 kilometers wide from the south to the north.

Baishuijiang National Nature Reserve is situated at the transitional zone between temperate zone and subtropical zone. It is moist and rainy in summer due to the influence of monsoon from the southeast, while it is in low temperature in winter because of Mongolian high pressure.

There are 2,160 species of higher plants and 67 rare, precious and endangered species under the state protection, including dove tree, ginkgo, metasequoia, Taxus chinensis and masson pine.
Mammals are 77 species, 275 species of birds, 48 species of fishes, 2138 sepcies of insects, 195 species of spiders.

 In Baishuijiang National Nature Reserve, there are altogether 265 species of terrestrial vertebrate. Rarest animals are giant pandas, black gibbons, takins, and golden eagles under the first-grade national protection. Animals in the Reserve under the second-grade state protection include macaques, otters, giant salamanders and gorals

The mild temperature, plenty rain, luxuriant forests and good ecological environment prove to be an ideal place for the growing of bamboo -- giant pandas' favorite food -- and consequently guarantee that giant pandas can live and multiply well here.

Comprehensive scientific investigation in 1995 showed that the protected areas have about 97 giant pandas, giant pandas in 2003 the third national survey data show that the 103 or so.
The number of giant pandas (panda population) may steadily growth year after year.

 

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