Giant Panda Bears Distribution in Sichuan Shaanxi Gansu Province China


Giant panda bears distribution in China only in Sichuan (mainly) , Shaanxi and Gansu area, altitude from 1200m to 3400m mountain area.


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The giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca) first appeared in the evolutionary record during the late Pliocene or early Pleistocene, some two to three million years ago. Panda fossils have been found in Burma, Vietnam, and particularly in eastern China, as far north as Beijing. Pandas were once widespread in southern and eastern China and in neighbouring Myanmar and north Vietnam. Today, however, there are only around 1,590 in the wild (2003, by the 3rd census) left. All of these are found in one geographic region - the bamboo forests of southwestern China.

Giant pandas are classed as bears by most scientists. Unlike other bears, they vocalize by bleating rather than roaring. Until recently, giant pandas were grouped with raccoons and lesser pandas (i.e., the Procyonidae (raccoon) family). This decision was based primarily on physiological evidence. In the late 1980's, DNA/serological studies clearly established that giant pandas are clearly more bear than raccoon. Some scientists want to place giant pandas in their own grouping; but for most bear researchers, this does not seem warranted.

The giant panda only exists at present in six small areas located in inland China. The habitat, suitable for the bamboo on which it survives, is a cold, damp coniferous forest. The elevation ranges from 1,200 to 3,400 metres ( 4,000 to 11,000 feet) high. In most of the areas in which they still roam wild, they must compete with farmers who farm the river valleys and the lower slopes of the mountains.

Da xiong mao, the Chinese name for the giant panda means "great bear cat". Chinese books, written over 3,000 years ago, talk of the giant panda. Even then, it was believed to be endowed with mystical powers capable of warding off natural disasters and evil spirits. The scientific name for giant pandas, Ailuropoda melanoleuca, simply means black and white bear.

The wild panda bears mainly distribution (estimateed only) in : Sichuan Province (75%), Shaanxi Province (20%), Gansu Province (5%).

The Minshan Mountains at the eastern edge of the Tibetan Plateau, the highest and biggest plateau in the world. These mountains form a natural barrier between the densely populated southern and eastern provinces of China and the great wilderness of the Tibetan Plateau to the west. Minshan Mountain range in Sichuan and Gansu provinces is a particularly important landscape for biodiversity: Wild animals such as giant panda, dwarf blue sheep and beautiful multi-coloured pheasants.
Estimated that about 720 wild pandas in the Minshan Mountain area, 45% of the total wild population. PingWu county, is core area of panda habitat in the Minshan Mountain area, has the highest density of pandas in the wild.

The Qinling Mountains (Shaanxi Province) is a natural linking barrier between northern and southern China and protects the south from the cold northern weather and warm rains on the southern slopes support a rich variety of plants and animals. There are around 200-300 hundred pandas in the Qinling Mountains, 20% of the total wild population. Wild animals here such as giant panda bear,  golden monkey, takin and crested ibis etc.

According to the 3rd survey, the wild panda about  273 in Shanxi province, amounting to 17.1%; 1206 in Sichuan province, amounting to 75.6% of total; 117 in Gansu province, amounting to 7.3%.


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