Territory Group and Sex Love Communication of Giant Panda
Although researchers in the
Qinling mountains in Shaanxi report pandas living in groups of 2 to 28
individuals, pandas are generally thought to be solitary animals. They
live in well-defined territories. Males' territories, 3.8 to 6.5 square
kilometers (1.5 to 2.5 square miles), often overlap several females'
territories, 4.6 square kilometers (1.8 square miles).
During most of the year, pandas
communicate by rubbing an acidic-smelling substance, secreted by glands
surrounding the ano-genital area, on tree trunks and stones. They also
scratch on trees. Each panda's scent is unique and pandas use the scent to
identify each other. Females leave scent to attract males, and males leave
scent to mark their territory and to attract females.
Pandas also communicate vocally. They have up to 11 distinct calls. Although researchers don't know what all of their vocalizations are for, during mating males bark to intimidate each other, and courting pairs emit a goat-like bleating sound.